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Çineköy

Late Hittite style statue is similar to other examples from Karatepe, Karkamış and Arslantepe. In November 1997, it was found buried in a farm at the Çine village of Adana province. The god is standing upright on a cart pulled by two bulls. Statue is about 2.5 meters high with the base. There is a Phoenician and Hieroglyphic Luwian bilingual inscription on the base. It was suggested by some scholars that the land of Hiyawa mentioned in the text refers to Ahhiyawa. In Hittite cuneiform texts Ahhiyawa refers to the land of Mycenean Greeks. Author of the Çineköy text identifies himself as (A)warika, a descendent of the (Ah)hiyawa king Mukasa, and refers to his land as (Ah)hiyawa. He praises himself for strenghtening his country and declares himself as a good ally of Assyria. In the Karatepe text the same person is named as the king of Adanawa. This king is probably the same person as Urikki, the king of Que (Quwe) mentioned in the Assyrian sources dating to Sargon II. Other scholars suggest that Hiyawa may just be refering to Quwe/Que. The monument should date to the second half of the 8th century BCE. It is currently on display at Adana Museum.


Click on pictures for a larger image.

T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 E. Anıl, 2017 B. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017
T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017



Literature:
Beckman, G., T. Bryce, E. Cline. "Inscription of Warika, King of (Ah)hiyawa," Ahhiyawa Texts, Atlanta: SBL. 2011: 263-66.
Gander, M. "Ahhiyawa - Hiyawa - Que," SMEA 54, 2012, 281-309.
Payne, A. Iron Age Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Atlanta, 2012: 42-45.
Tekoğlu, R., A. Lemaire. "La bilingue royale louvito-phénicienne de Çineköy," CRAIBL 144.3, 2000: 961-1006.

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, Bora Bilgin, Ertuğrul Anıl, 2017.