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Eflatunpınar Monument

It is located about 22 km north of the town of Beyşehir. The monument is formed as a rectangular shaped pond fed with the waters from a nearby spring. The most prominent part is the high wall of reliefs that stand on the north edge of the roughly 34 by 30 meter rectangular pond. It is built with large stone blocks. In the center are the Storm God and the Sun Goddess with winged sun-disks above each. Around them are ten spirits or hybrid creatures supporting the the two winged sun disks above the gods and an enourmous winged sun disk above them. The base has five mountain gods that are partially visible. The central three of the mountain gods could be interpreted as mountain-spring gods with multiple spring holes on them. The stage altogether may be interpreted as a cosmic scene with heavens at the top and earth at the bottom, with gods and spirits holding the heavens in between. The façade of the monument is roughly 7 meters in length and 7 meters in height including the mountain gods at the base.

To the right and left of this facade are located couple of goddess figures embedded into the walls of the pond. There is a rectangular platform by the south wall with heavily damaged remains of a god and a goddess reliefs on its pond facing side. There are also several other sculpture fragments around the pond. Largest piece is a triple bull protome to the south of the pond which is not in its original location. That piece was used as a filling material in the wall of a Roman era dam that was built on the southwest side of the pond. Eflatunpınar monument are some of the few examples of frontal portrayal of human forms in Hittite art of the Empire period (see also Fasıllar and Akpınar).

No inscriptions were found at the site, but based on its proximity to Yalburt, Köylütolu and Hatip this monument may be dated to the 2nd half of 13th century BCE.


Click on pictures for a larger image.

T.Bilgin 2009 T.Bilgin 2009 T.Bilgin 2009 T.Bilgin 2009 T.Bilgin 2009 T.Bilgin 2009
J.H.Haynes, 1887, Harvard University Library J.H.Haynes, 1887, Harvard University Library The site prior to any clean-up With low water level where base figures are visible - P.Oszvald Site plan - A. Sırrı Özenir



Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, Bora Bilgin, Ertuğrul Anıl, 2009.
Peter Oszvald, Kunst - und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 2002.
Ekrem Akurgal, The Hattian and Hittite Civilizations, KTB, Ankara, 2001.
Harvard University Library