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Malpınarı Rock Inscriptions

This Late Hittite inscription and relief was first noticed by Mustafa Kalaç in 1979. It on the east bank of the Göksu River near Malpınarı village, about 35 km to the city of Adıyaman. The 9 lines of Luwian inscription is carved on a recessed panel of the rock cliff, about 150 meters north of a spring water known as Malpınarı. Since 2010 the inscription has been completely covered by the waters of a small dam built further south on Göksu. The inscription is about 1.8 meters wide and 0.9 meter high.

On the right edge is a worn out full length human figure with long hair and beard that points to Assyrian influence in style. One large and one small hole on the left side have damaged some lines of the inscription. Author of the inscription is Alayaza, the River-Lord of the cities Sarita and Suki(ta), who introduces his master as "Hattusili, the ruler, king". Its style is very similar to Boybeypınarı blocks which mention a Hattusili, son of Suppiluliuma. See also Ancoz 5 which mentions Hattusili and Suppiluliuma. They must have reigned as rulers of the Neo-Hittite Kingdom, Kummuh during the first half of the 8th century BCE.


Click on the pictures for larger images.

J. D. Hawkins, 1986 J. D. Hawkins, 1986 M. Kalaç and J. D. Hawkins, 1989



Literature:
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 1, Berlin, 2000: 340-44 and plts. 166-68.
Kalaç, M. and J. D. Hawkins, "The Hieroglyphic Luwian Rock-Inscription of Malpinar," AnSt 39, 1989: 107-12.

Image sources:
J. David Hawkins, Corpus, 2000 (1986).
Mustafa Kalaç and J. David Hawkins, AnSt 39, 1989.