Main Page
Türkçe

Suratkaya Inscriptions

In year 2000, a group of lightly carved hieroglyphic Luwian inscriptions were discovered on the back wall of a rock shelter by archeologist Anneliese Peschlow-Bindokat. The location known as Suratkaya is about 1000 meter high in the Beşparmak Mountain (ancient Latmos), near the lake of Latmos (ancient Gulf of Latmos). There are 5 groups of signs distributed over a 12 by 4 meter rock surface. The left most group of the signs mentions the Land of Mira, while others appear to be names of some princes. The largest and the most clear one of the signs is the 5th group which includes the unusual title "Great Prince" (MAGNUS.REX.FILIUS) which is not encountered anywhere else. Its implications and the reading of the title bearer's name (Ku-x-ya) remains uncertain.


Click on the pictures for larger images.

T. Bilgin T. Bilgin Groups 1-4 - T. Bilgin Groups 1-2 - T. Bilgin Group 3 - T. Bilgin Group 4 - T. Bilgin Group 5 - T. Bilgin



Literature:
Oreshko, R. "Hieroglyphic Inscriptions of Western Anatolia: Long Arm of the Empire or Vernacular Tradition(s)?"
      in Luwian Identities (CHANE 64), 2013: 345-420 (346-68)
Peschlow-Bindokat, A. "Die Hethiter im Latmos. Eine hethitischluwische Hieroglyphen-Inschrift am Suratkaya
      (Besparmak/Westtürkei)," Antike Welt 33.2, 2002: 211-15.
Peschlow-Bindokat, A. and S. Herbordt, "Eine hethitische Großprinzeninschrift aus dem Latmos," Archäologischer
     Anzeiger
2001: 363-78.

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, 2012.