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Taşçı

It is located about 60 km southeast of Kayseri, near the location known as Taşçı in the Zamanti valley of Yenice river. On the limestone rock walls of the valley there are two heavily worn out reliefs less than 100 meters apart. The first one, Taşçı A, is on a flattened rock surface of about 3 meters long. It was first recognized by Hans Rott in 1906 and shows three persons aligned to the right. Over the figures and on the left are the Hieroglyphic Luwian writings. The details in lower section of the relief are almost impossible to make out. The left most of the three figures is a female and the two in front of her are males. The first name(?) on the sinistroverse (right to left) inscription is only partially readable and the suggested reading for the rest is: "Manazi, daughter of Lupaki the Army-Scribe, son of(?) Zida the MESEDI guard, servant of the Great King Hattusili, the Hero" (based on J. D. Hawkins). The name above the right most of the three is not complete. The Great King Hattusili named in the inscription is Hattusili III, and therefore dates the relief to the mid-13th century. There is a cave like opening right above the relief in which are several interconnected round holes that may have been formed by flowing water.

The second relief, Taşçı B, was first spotted by S. Alp, E. Akurgal and W. McCallien in a joined mission, and it is in substantially better condition, but the inscription that is shown above and below the stretched arm of the male figure is not readable.


Click on the pictures for larger images.

Taşçı A

Location of Taşçı A in the shadow below the trees - E. Anıl, 2019 Taşçı A carvings at the bottom of the rock wall and a small cave above - T. Bilgin, 2019 Holes inside of the cave - T. Bilgin, 2019 Taşçı A - H. Ehringhaus, 2005 Taşçı A - K. Bittel, 1976 Taşçı A - E. Rossner, 1988 Taşçı A, right side with standing figures and writings above them Taşçı A, left side with Hattusili's name Right side - H. Ehringhaus, 2005 Left side - H. Ehringhaus, 2005 Taşçı A - I. Gelb, 1939 Taşçı A - K. Kohlmeyer, 1983

Taşçı B
Taşçı B, at the bottom of the rock wall behind the two large rocks in the center - T. Bilgin, 2019 Taşçı B - T. Bilgin, 2019 Taşçı B - H. Ehringhaus, 2005 Taşçı B - K. Kohlmeyer, 1983


Literature:
Ehringhaus, H. Götter, Herrscher, Inschriften, Mainz, 2005: 65–70.
Hawkins, J. D. "Excursus 7. Interpretation of the rock inscription TASÇI," Boğazköy-Hattuša 19, 2005: 292–3.
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 3, Berlin, 2024: 90–92 and plt. 64.
Kohlmeyer, K. "Felsbilder der hethitischen Großreichszeit", APA 15, 1983: 74–80.
(List of Abbreviations)


Image sources:
Ertuğrul Anıl, 2019.
Tayfun Bilgin, 2019.
Horst Ehringhaus, 2005.
Kurt Bittel. Die Hethiter, München, 1976.
Eberhard Rossner. Die hethitischen Felsreliefs in der Türkei, München, 1988.
Ignace Gelb. Hittite Hieroglyphic Monuments, (OIP 45), Chicago, 1939.
Kay Kohlmeyer, 1983.