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Kuruntiya Monument

This Hittite rock relief is located near the village of Hatip about 9 km south of Konya city center. First scholarly announcement about it was made in 1996 by Hasan Bahar and Ali Dinçol in 1996. The relief and the hieroglyphic inscriptions are carved on a flattened rock surface of about 5 meters by 2 meters. The relief shows a male figure striding to the right. In his outstretched left hand is a vertical spear. The tall, conical hat, bow on his right shoulder, kilt and a short sword stuck in his belt, and pointy shoes display similarities to some other Hittite monuments, such as Gavurkale and Karabel. About a meter behind the relief is the hieroglyphic Luwian inscription: "Kuruntiya, Great King, Hero, son of Muwatalli, Great King, Hero". Dinçol states that the conical hat has horns in front, therefore the figure should represent a Hittite god rather than a king.

Kuruntiya was one of the two known sons of Muwatalli II. After Muwatalli's death, the other son (Urhi-Teššub) had become king taking the name Mursili (III). But after only a few years, with the help of Kuruntiya, their uncle Hattusili III usurped the throne from Mursili III. Kuruntiya was rewarded with the kingship of an appanage state around his father's capital city Tarhuntassa. Kuruntiya's kingship in Tarhuntassa continued into the reign of Hittite king Tudhaliya IV. However, Kuruntiya's use of "Great King" title in this monument and in a couple of seals found in Boğazköy suggests that he eventually fell into a conflict with the Hittite king in Hattusa.


Click on the pictures for larger images.

T. Bilgin, 2009 T. Bilgin, 2009 T. Bilgin, 2009 T. Bilgin, 2009 H. Ehringhaus, 2005 H. Ehringhaus, 2005



Literature:
Bahar, H. "Konya-Hatip'te Bulunan Yeni bir Hitit Anıtı - Eine neues hethitischen Denkmal in Konya-Hatip," Arkeoloji ve Sanat 73, Temmuz-Ağustos 1996: 2–8.
Dinçol, A., B. Dinçol. "Hatip Anıtı'ndaki Hiyeroglif Yazıt," Arkeoloji ve Sanat 73, 1996: 8–9.
Dinçol, A. "The Rock Monument of the Great King Kurunta and its Hieroglyphic Inscription," in III. Uluslararası Hititoloji Kongresi Bildirileri, Çorum 16-22 Eylül 1996. Ankara, 1998: 159–66.
Dinçol, A. "Die Entdeckung des Felsmonuments in Hatip und ihre Auswirkungen über die historischen und geographischen Fragen des Hethiterreichs," TÜBA-AR 1, 1998: 27–35.
Ehringhaus, H. Götter, Herrscher, Inschriften, Mainz, 2005: 101–7.

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, 2009.
Horst Ehringhaus, 2005.