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Tell Açana

Tell Açana (Tell Atchana) is the modern name of the ancient site of Alalakh. It has come under Hittite occupation during the reign of Suppiluliuma I from the 14th century BCE till its destruction in 12th century BCE. The site also has rich findings from pre-Hittite period. The orthostat of Tudhaliya was found reused as a paving stone in the staircase of a later era temple. Most recent reading of the worn out hieroglyphic labels identify the two figures as "Tudhaliya, Great Priest, Prince" and "Ašnu-Hepa, Princess," who are suggested to be contemporaries of king Mursili II (Yener, Dinçol, Peker, NABU 2014-4). This identification dates the orthostat to sometime around the late 14th or early 13th century BCE. The orthostat and the gate lions are currently in Antakya Museum.


Click on the pictures for larger images.

Orthostat of Tudhaliya - K. Bittel, 1976 Orthostat of Tudhaliya - E. Anıl, 2010 Gate lions - B. Bilgin, 2006 Gate lion - E. Anıl, 2010



Literature:
Yener, K. A. (ed.) The Amuq Valley Regional Projects, v. 1. OIP 131, Chicago, 2005.
Woolley, L. Alalakh, An Account of the Excavations at Tell Atchana 1937-1949, Oxford, 1955.

Image sources:
Kurt Bittel, Die Hethiter, München, 1976.
Bora Bilgin, 2006.
Ertuğrul Anıl, 2010.