Main Page

Sivasa Inscription

The Neo-Hittite period Hieroglyphic Luwian rock inscription is located near the village of Sivasa (also Suvasa) which is now known as Gökçetoprak, near Gülşehir town. It is about 20 km to the city of Nevşehir. To the south of the village at the south end of a rocky plateau, the inscription is carved on the flattened surfaces of a single block of rock. The rock is about 4 meters in length, 5.60 meters in width and 3.10 meters in height. In a unique way the hieroglyphic signs appear in very large size and do not follow lines. It consists of several names and titles of the servants of King Wasusarma whose name also appears on Topada, Sultanhanı, Göstesin and Kayseri. The top of the rock also has certain holes that suggests religious rituals, libations, thus it is possible that the rock is used as an altar. Dated to the second half of the 8th century BCE.

Click on the pictures for larger images.

B. Bilgin, 2009 D. Morgan, 2008 D. Morgan, 2008 R. Neumüller, 2007 B. Bilgin, 2009 B. Bilgin, 2009 T. Bilgin,  2009 Libation holes - B. Bilgin, 2009 I. Gelb, 1939 J. D. Hawkins, 2000

Ehringhaus, H. Das Ende, das ein Anfang war: Felsreliefs und Felsinschriften der luwischen Staaten Kleinasiens vom 12. bis 8./7. Jahrh. v. Chr., Mainz, 2014: 40–47.
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 1, Berlin, 2000: 462–63 and plts. 254–57.
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 3, Berlin, 2024: 261, 341.

Image sources:
Bora Bilgin, 2009.
Tayfun Bilgin, 2009.
David Morgan, 2008.
Roman Neumüller (, 2007.
Ignace J. Gelb. Hittite Hieroglyphic Monuments, (OIP 45) Chicago, 1939.
J. David Hawkins, 2000.