Tell Tayinat (Tell Tainat) is located about 25km to the city of Antakya. The site is about 800 meters to the site of Tell Açana. The site's ancient name was probably Kunulua which was the capital of Neo-Hittite kingdom Patina/Unqi. Patina or Unqi were names used by Assyrians. Several orthostats and ornamated columnbases were found, which date to 9th and 8th centuries BCE. Some of the orthostats are from the later Assyrian period which are now in the Oriental Institute of Chicago. Many other findings are in Antakya Museum.
Several inscribed fragments of a colossol statue of a seated figure was found near the East Gate in 1936. It was probably similar to the one that was found at the King's Gate of Karkamış. Among the few readable words of the inscription that was written over the statue is the name Halparuntiya. He may be the same person as Qalparunda mentioned in Assyrian sources in 857 and 853 BCE which would date the statue to mid-9th century BCE. The place name Walastin mentioned in the fragments also appears in Meharde and Sheizar inscriptions. Several other fragments that were found in different areas of the site has been put together to form parts of a rectangular block with a 5-line hieroglyphic Luwian inscription. Paleographically the inscription dates to 8th century. During the continuing excavations in 2011 a large gate lion and in 2012 a colossol statue of a king Suppiluliuma were discovered. There are many more fragmental as well as re-used pieces from Hittite era. Such a destruction may indicate that the monuments were destroyed in 738 BCE when the city was captured by the Assyrians.
Click on the pictures for larger images.
|Statue of Suppiluliuma and Others|
|Assyrian Period Sculpture|
|Fragments of a Monumental Statue and TELL TAYINAT 1 inscription|
Fragments of TELL TAYINAT 2 inscription
Bora Bilgin, 2006.
Tayfun Bilgin, 2010.
Ertuğrul Anıl, 2010.
Bora Bilgin, Ertuğrul Anıl, Cüneyt Süer, Haluk Akpınar 2015.
Oriental Institute of Chicago.
Ignace Jay Gelb. 1939. Hittite Hieroglyphic Monuments. (OIP, 45.) Chicago.
J. David Hawkins, Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions. 2000.