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Fragments of Monumental Inscriptions and Reliefs

Several fragments of basalt blocks with hieroglyphic Luwian inscription were found near the Ancoz village (now Eskitaş), which is located at the north bank of the Euphrates river and Atatürk dam lake, about 30 km to the southeast of Kahta. Earliest fragments were noted in 1958 but most of them were recovered between 1975 and 1979. Some of the blocks were found on a hill near the village, where classical era ruins were visible on the surface, and some others were found built into the walls of the houses of the village. Most of the blocks display two lines of inscription, although some are noticeable only by traces. Hawkins indicates that stylistically they are similar to Boybeypınarı, which is associated with king Suppiluliuma of the Neo-Hittite kingdom Kummuh. Some fragments (Ancoz 4, 7) mention Suppiluliuma and his son Hattusili, which would suggest a date in early 8th century BCE. The improved reading of Ancoz 5 revealed a father-son pair in reverse order: "Hattusili and Suppiluliuma, father and son", which may suggest more than one ruler with either one of these name (see M. Poetto, 2010, in GsNeu). Several new fragments have come to light in recent years. The bottom fragment of Ancoz 1 and most of the other fragments are in Adıyaman Museum. The upper fragment of Ancoz 1 is in Adana Museum. Whereabouts of a few fragments is not clear.

The last picture below is a fragment of a relief depicting a seated woman, possibly the goddess Kubaba (see Karkamış). It was first found in 1937 but remained in use as a doorsill in the village of Ancoz. It may have been moved along with the earliest recovered inscribed pieces to Ankara in 1958 but its current whereabouts is unknown.


Click on pictures for a larger image.

Ancoz 1, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10
Ancoz 1 - J.D. Hawkins, 2000 Ancoz 1 - T. Yazıcı, 2012
Ancoz 5 - J.D. Hawkins, 2000 Ancoz 5 - M. Poetto, 2010 Ancoz 5 - B. Bilgin, 2011 Ancoz 5 - C. Süer
Ancoz 7 - J.D. Hawkins, 2000 Ancoz 7a - C. Süer, 2011 Ancoz 7b - C. Süer, 2011 Ancoz 7c - C. Süer, 2011 Ancoz 7d - E. Anıl, 2011
Ancoz 8 - J.D. Hawkins 2000 Ancoz 8 - E. Anıl, 2011 Ancoz 8 - B.Bilgin, 2011
Ancoz 9 - J.D. Hawkins, 2000 Ancoz 9 - C. Süer, 2011 Ancoz 9 - B. Bilgin, 2011
Ancoz 10 - J.D. Hawkins 2000 Ancoz 10 - B. Bilgin, 2011 Ancoz 10 - E. Anıl, 2011



Ancoz 2, 3, 4, 6, 11, 12

Ancoz 2 - M.J. Mellink, 1960 Ancoz 3 - J.D. Hawkins, 2000 Ancoz 4 - J.D. Hawkins, 2000; photo: M. Salvini Ancoz 6 - J.D. Hawkins, 2000; photo: M. Özdoğan Ancoz 11 - M. Poetto, 2004 Ancoz 12 - M. Poetto, 2010



Relief Fragment

M.J. Mellink, 1960



Literature:
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 1, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2000: 330-60 and plts. 171-76 and 185-88.
Poetto, M. "Un frammento inedito in luvio geroglifico da Ancoz," Orientalia 73 (FsCarruba), 2004: 469-71.
Poetto, M. "L'Iscrizione luvio-geroglifica Ancoz 5 (A) rivista e completata," Hethitica 16 (GsNeu), 2010: 131-42.
Poetto, M. "Un nuovo frammento in luvio geroglifico da Ancoz (ANCOZ 12)," in FsHawkins 2010: 188-92.
Hawkins, J. D. "Gods of Commagene: The Cult of the Stag-God in the inscriptions of Ancoz," in Diversity and Standardization. Munich 2013: 65-80.
Orthmann, W. Untersuchungen zur späthethitischen Kunst, Bonn, 1971: 101, 479, Taf. 5g.

Image sources:
J. David Hawkins, Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions. 2000.
Massimo Poetto, Hethitica XVI, 2010.
Massimo Poetto, Orientalia 73, 2004.
Bora Bilgin, Cüneyt Süer, Ertuğrul Anıl, Ercüment Süer, 2011.
Tarık Yazıcı, 2012.
M. J. Mellink, AJA 64, 1960.